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Safe Food for Gerbils

Apples (without seeds)


Mealworms (sparingly)

Nuts (sparingly)


Pumpkin Seeds


Small dog biscuits (meatless)

Sunflower seeds

Caring for a Gerbil

Origin: Africa, Asia, the Middle East

Lifespan: 3-4 years 

Unlike hamsters, gerbils are active during both day and night. Their bold and curious personalities make them entertaining family pets. It is best to pick two gerbils of the same sex, preferably litter-mates, as they are very social and will not thrive alone. With proper care, gerbils will be lively companions. 

By allowing your new gerbils to eat from your hand and by avoiding any sudden movements, you will soon win their trust. When gerbils become comfortable sitting on your hand, begin to lift them up to sit on your arm or shoulder. All children must be supervised during handling and taught to never pick up a gerbil by the tail. If you have other pets, never leave them alone in the same room; accidents happen!


A 40 gallon tank is recommended for housing two gerbils. Bedding such as Carefresh is ideal for gerbils health, as pine shavings can cause respiratory infections. Gerbils love to burrow and make nests so the more bedding the merrier! They are also avid chewers, so it is extremely important to provide them with toys such as Oxbow Enriched Life products, Kaytee Lava Ledges, Himalayan salt chews, or cardboard - if you don't they will chew plastic things to bits!


A healthy diet is based on gerbil dry food (square meal) available at all times, and a small amount of seeds. Treats can be offered to your gerbil once a week. Remember to supply fresh water in a water bottle daily. 


Spot clean the soiled areas of the cage a minimum of 3-5 times a week. Scrub out the entire cage weekly, as well as food dishes and water bottles. Always rinse and dry the cage well before adding fresh bedding.


Learn what is normal for your pet, so if you notice changes in their behavior, diet, teeth length, or droppings, you can get them the veterinary care they need. Signs that your gerbil needs urgent care include not eating or drinking; lethargy; sneezing or wheezing; crusty or runny eyes/nose; wet, dirty, patchy fur; loose stool or diarrhea; limping; cuts, or bumps. 

  • Gerbil teeth are continuously growing, so chewable surfaces are important to maintain proper tooth length. 

  • Chinchilla dust baths can be used once a week to help promote a healthy-looking coat.

  • Gerbils tend to be sensitive to high humidity.


Cedar shavings can cause fatal illnesses to gerbils, such as respiratory infections, and should never be used. Never grab or hold a gerbil by the tail, as this can cause serious injury and result in falls. 

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